How Accidents Affect Car Prices

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You’re driving down the road, paying attention to your surroundings, and out of nowhere a car clips your right rear fender. Somehow, you maintain control of the vehicle and manage to make your way off to the side of the road to assess the situation.
Fortunately, everyone is okay, but the other driver inflicted enough damage that your bumper, a taillight and a panel will need to be replaced. That’s thousands of dollars in damages the insurance company will cover, but what may be not be covered is the diminished value of your car.

Car Values and Auto Insurance

Welcome to the world of car values and auto insurance where drivers are often rudely awakened following an accident, including one not of their own doing. Auto insurance is supposed to make you whole after an accident, but it often falls far short, something you may not discover until years later when it comes time to sell your car.

That’s because a record of your accident becomes part of your CARFAX Vehicle History Report, which is information that is available to any buyer. Indeed, such reports can work against you even if your car has been made whole.

For instance, a dealer may knock hundreds or even thousands of dollars off your trade based on a previous accident. Simply put, your car is worth less than a similar model that has not been in a wreck.

About Diminished Value Claims

Fortunately, consumers may have recourse if they file a diminished value claim with an insurance company. That claim should be submitted to the other driver’s insurer, particularly if he was the one at fault.

A diminished value claim allows car owners to recover the deficiency between the vehicle’s value before the accident and what it is worth following the accident after the repairs have been completed.

Your repaired vehicle may look like new, but if you were to sell it the Carfax Report would show the accident. Automatically, many dealers discount the car’s price even if the car is in excellent shape.

Understand State Insurance Laws

Each state oversees consumer insurance and most will allow you to file a claim against the other party’s insurance company if they were at fault. If the person who hit your car was uninsured, you may still have recourse through your own company, provided you have sufficient uninsured motorist property damage coverage.

But before you file a claim, you should get your car professionally appraised. The book value of your vehicle may have been $22,500 before the accident, but after all repairs have been made, it may be appraised for $18,000.

That represents a $4,500 deficiency that you’ll want to recoup. And given that more than two-thirds of all cars are eventually traded in to dealers who always seem to use vehicle history reports, you can count on your car’s value being adjusted downward accordingly.

File a Diminished Value Claim

Now that you know that a diminished value claim is possible, let’s examine how to file one. Here, you need to contact the at-fault party’s insurance company and request compensation for diminished value.

Don’t expect the insurer to eagerly write out a check — you may need to be persistent and back up your request with hard data, including a copy of the appraisal. You will also need to demonstrate your car’s value, based on information available on an online car value site.

If the auto insurer agrees to compensate, you may not receive the full deficiency. They may use an industry formula offering different numbers. You guessed it — those numbers may be lower than your own. Try to negotiate a better deal, but if you don’t obtain one, at least you should recover most of the deficiency. And that’s better than receiving nothing at all.

You may discover that the auto insurer is not willing to compensate you. If they resist, you can take them to small claims court. You might also hire an attorney, especially if your car is expensive or new. But keep in mind that legal fees will be covered by you, effectively coming out of your settlement.

Review Your Auto Insurance Policy

Car accidents can take physical and emotional tolls as well as cause a financial setback. It is important to regularly review your auto insurance policy and discuss with your agent your coverage options. Familiarizing yourself with your state’s insurance law is important too. Wherever possible, find ways to lower your risk and close whatever loopholes may cost you significant financial loss.

By | 2018-06-19T15:49:45+00:00 May 18th, 2017|Car Selling|27 Comments


  1. Gerry Stanley May 19, 2017 at 8:22 am - Reply

    can carafe supply a diminished value report?

  2. Jim Sharifi May 19, 2017 at 10:14 am - Reply

    Hi Gerry — CARFAX cannot supply a diminished value report. However, we can tell you how a vehicle’s history (including reported accidents) can affect a car’s value.

    You can check a vehicle’s CARFAX History-based Value by entering your VIN or license plate number here:

  3. Robert Rivera May 21, 2017 at 6:01 pm - Reply

    If I buy a car that has a crash history will it cost me more to insure it?

    • Brent Brown August 29, 2017 at 4:41 pm - Reply

      I represent several companies, and it would not affect the cost of insurance with any of them.

  4. Charlie May 25, 2017 at 12:39 pm - Reply

    Thank you for the specific post I know that most would rather not go to court over an obvious Insuered faulted driver.

  5. Disrene Lopez June 26, 2017 at 10:19 am - Reply

    How do i get the dimished value that an airbag deployment will take off my value of my vehicle? I cant go after the insurance company cause California doesn’t honor that kind of claim. But it is still affects the value of my car.

  6. Melanie June 28, 2017 at 11:49 am - Reply

    I had purchased my 2016 chevy Malibu with 1800 kms on the vehicle, and after making my first payment, a lady ran a red light and tboned me. I had purchased the new car insurance however, because the value of damages $20, 000 didn’t exceed the total amount of the car $34, 000 they are fixing it however, it will never be the same. Is there any way i can sue the driver for the cost of the depreciated value of the car since i have 7 years to pay on this vehicle?

  7. R. Palmer July 26, 2017 at 9:00 am - Reply

    How do find New York Sates Insurance Laws…I would like to know if I have to have Non OEM parts…bad enough to have to have repairs, but now with non Honda parts.

  8. Bjorn Loftis August 7, 2017 at 2:39 pm - Reply

    I have a new GMC truck that was t-boned by a driver who lost control of their Firebird. Frame and Chassis damage – a portion of the cab was cut out and a new corner welded in – along with rocker panels. $6500 repair.

    I purchased an appraisal from an independent DV appraiser – and attempted to supplement that with additional Trade-in value letters from local dealers.

    The local dealers refused to provide a valuation for the vehicle. They said that doing so would just get them drawn into court – and they had no “skin in the game” and did not want to get involved in a matter that could lead to litigation.

    There are certainly quite a few barriers to a consumer recovering their legitimate damages in the case of an accident caused by a 3rd party…

  9. Dee September 19, 2017 at 10:34 am - Reply

    Last year I got rear ended and got reimbursed $3500 for a diminished value claim through the at fault driver’s insurance. Just a few ago I got rear ended again! How will that affect the value of my 2014 Toyota Sienna? Does the value diminshes more after two accident as appose to one?

    • Yolanda October 8, 2017 at 8:04 pm - Reply

      How did you get the diminished value for the first accident? Did you have to provide an appraisal from an independent appraiser? Was it difficult to get the insurance to pay for it? Thanks in advance for the info.

  10. Remny Gomez September 21, 2017 at 3:58 pm - Reply

    my car was hit from the rear fender and as soon as the accident happened the driver took off. the car is a lease i want to trade the car in after i get it repaired because i feel like its too small for the amount of people i always carry in my car so what will happen to me. And btw they never caught the person and the plate was never identified.

  11. RAPHEL ROBINSON September 22, 2017 at 7:48 pm - Reply

    My car was involved in two accidents. I don’t see the information on my Carfax report. How do I get that included so that it isn’t found out later and a claim/suit is filed against me for concealment or fraudulent records when I try to sell it?

  12. Larry October 11, 2017 at 1:32 pm - Reply

    I had purhcased Toyota Camry SE in August 2017 in Texas and drove around 1100 miles as of October 10 2017, today a lady rammed my car from back and damaged it a lot.

    What will be the deprecated value of my car if its gets repaired ?
    Will my car will be “Totalled”
    How to get the Depreciated value?


    • marcel March 1, 2018 at 7:13 pm - Reply

      did the insurance company give the deprecated value of the car? what was the amount?

  13. Anthony October 18, 2017 at 7:29 am - Reply

    I got my vehicle and a few day later a lady pulled out in front of my wife and my wife hit her and caused about 8,900 worth of front end damage. Fast forward yesterday I was pulling my vehicle into the back yard swerved to miss my dog ran into the tree bent the bumper thing in and it bent the radiator and all the fluid leaked out. Now with this accident neing the second front end accident. How will this effect my vehicles value its a 2010 and has 113,280 mile on it.

  14. RR March 2, 2018 at 6:36 am - Reply

    for cars with minor accident like bumper and back trailer door are replaced,
    how will the diminished value is calculated.
    car was bought in 2016 and recently small hit on back caused replacing bumper and trailer door on a van

    • RR March 2, 2018 at 6:39 am - Reply

      Just to update, the opposite party insurance says for diminished after repair, they want to offer difference between Very good condition and Good condition. which is closely coming to 500$. but accident is accident and when i sell and if the report says accident, as per updates and info above, i see a lot of value will be diminished.
      How can i find value with small repairs due to accident, who can appraise the car value?
      any help is really appreciated.
      Thank you

      • RR March 16, 2018 at 10:03 pm - Reply

        i am commented on my previous comments with RR name.
        Could some one give some advise please on how to approach or can i file legal case on this. Insurance say they give only 500$, looking at auto standard sites, the value can be diminished thousands of dollars.
        thank you

  15. Avi March 2, 2018 at 8:00 pm - Reply

    What if the accident was nobody’s fault.

    A couple days ago, my new VW GTI got hit by road debris which came into my lane suddenly from the right lane. A damage of 3400 $ has been estimated but nothing severe. Just Bumper and Radiator leak.

    How would I be able to make up for the diminished value?
    How will this affect the value of my car?


    • John Walker Jr July 23, 2018 at 11:40 pm - Reply

      I believe only Georgia recognizes “1st Party” Diminished Value. Otherwise, you need to address diminished value with an “at-fault” party or with your insurance company only if it is a “UIM” claim. I hope that helps?

  16. Elmer Baum August 10, 2018 at 10:55 pm - Reply

    Dealership created an issue with a 2018 Toyota Tacoma were they didn’t tighten the oil plug correctly, oil drained out while driving, causing the engine to seize. What would the diminished value be for this kinda of “accident”. Truck only has 13,367 miles. Top line truck with all options, TRD Sport.

  17. Bob September 30, 2018 at 11:01 am - Reply

    That is not an accident but is a repair.

    People obtaining reports should never see it.

    My state only requires reports on accidents.

    If the engine was replaced, a great mechanic might notice a mismatch in serial numbers, but unlikely unless the new engine shows problems.

    You might have the fix on the manufacturers repair history and this could be noticed by a Toyota dealer. Other dealers normally have no access to thus data.

  18. Karen H October 26, 2018 at 11:26 pm - Reply

    I bought a brand new 2108 Fiat 500 L and the was a thick scrap on the bumper and they said the could fix that with no problem. When we got the car home we noticed there was more damage. There was a long scrape on the lower part of the bumber and the reverse light was broken out. The car lot parks the cars so close together I’m sure there are more cars with damage. My question is should we be paid a depreciation amount, even though they are fixing it and probably will not report it to carfax?

  19. Shawn Parsons November 13, 2018 at 1:59 pm - Reply

    Diminished value is owed on any 3rd party liability claim ; or UM/UIM claim on 1st party insurance in almost every state. The severity of damage and the value of your car at the time of the loss are crucial factors. Naturally, a car with more damage and a higher value will consequently lose more in a loss. Regardless of CarFax reporting or not, you are likely obligated by your state laws to disclose any accident/repairs to any future buyers. This automatically creates the necessity to protect yourself with a DV claim. I perform Diminished Value claims everyday in Texas, so I have seen the pro’s and con’s of seeking a DV. Something like a bumper scrape is likely not worth pursing, as it will likely cost you more hiring an independent appraiser to complete the report than you stand to gain. However, as a rough guideline, if your car is worth more than $10k, has more than $2k in damage and is 5 years old or newer; you can benefit from having a DV claim performed. (and if you own a Ferrari or Rolls Royce, then yes, a bumper scrape will result in a large DV. lol)

  20. Helga Noteboom December 7, 2018 at 5:59 am - Reply

    Where can I find a Diminished Car Value Appraiser in the Riverside County Area of California

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