Mini is a British automotive marque owned by BMW which produces four brands of the same automobile. The Mini / Mini Cooper (available as a three- or four-door hardtop or convertible), Mini Countryman (five-door crossover), the Mini Clubman (estate), and the Mini Paceman (three-door crossover). Originally a product of the British Motor Corporation, the Mini as a car model became its own automotive marque in 1969. The Mini marque changed hands as British automakers around it shifted ownership until finally becoming part of the Rover Group, which was acquired by BMW in 1994. Despite flagging sales, BMW saw potential and a new Mini was born in 2001 after six years of development.
Mini vehicles are built at the Plant Oxford in Cowley, England and Magna Steyr in Australia with an annual production rate of just over 300,000 vehicles for worldwide sales. The original Mini was called the Mark I and was produced until 1967, when the Mark II took its place, followed by the Mark III in 1969 and the Mark IV, which ended production in 2000. The new models, under BMW's stewardship, are simply referred to as the New Mini (or Mini Hatch) and began production in 2000 as 2001 model year offerings.
The Mini brand and vehicles have won numerous awards since their introduction. Most recently, the 2013 model year Minis won the J.D. Power Highest in Sales Satisfaction Among Mass Market Brands award – its fourth year in a row for this award – and a 2013 Insurance Institute for Highway Safety Top Safety Pick Designation. The Mini Cooper has also been named in the top 3 cars for best resale value by Kelley Blue Book and the Cooper Convertible as the Motor Trend Intellichoice Best Overall Vehicle of the Year in the Convertible Class. Also of note is the 1.6-liter four-cylinder TwinPower Turbo engine in the Cooper S, which has won the International Engine of the Year Award three years running (as of 2013).